Nasa Earth Science designed the mission GeoCarb to observe Carbon over the America. The Geostationary Carbon Observatory (GeoCarb) planned for launch in the early 2020s. It will build on the success of NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission by placing a similar instrument on a commercial SES-Government Solutions communications satellite.
The mission GeoCarb will collect 10 million daily observations of the concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide and solar-induced fluorescence (SIF) at a spatial resolution of about 3 to 6 miles. Principal Investigator Berrien Moore of the University of Oklahoma in Norman said “GeoCarb will complement measurements by OCO-2 and other low-Earth orbiting satellites by filling in data gaps in both time and space”.
GeoCarb will unveil a number of questions in carbon cycle science, with a focus on the Americas. It will also be the first U.S. satellite to find out the density of methane near Earth’s surface.